Email This Page
By Bill Mills - Nov 2004
Odyssey Paintball made a name for themselves with the HALO loader. At the start of the 2004 tournament season, the company made their first trade show appearance under their new name of Odyssey Group International, a company formed by the merger of Odyssey and Dragun Empire. Dragun Empire made their mark in the sport first with the Black Dragun, a low cost blowback semi-auto with an electro mechanical trigger and sear.
In addition to upgrade kits for other paintguns, OGI showed the 03. While the receiver of the 03 is light and compact, looking a lot like many stacked tube blowback semi designs, the marker is a true electropneumatic.
Rather than using a solenoid to trip the sear of a blowback hammer and valve system, the O3 uses a low pressure gas source controlled by a compact solenoid valve to drive a pneumatic hammer against the paintgunís popet style exhaust valve.
Flush mounted to the O3ís grip frame is an inline regulator. With an ASA in the rear, the regulator accepts either a CO2 or HPA screw in style tank directly and regulates the gas down to around 225 to 300 psi, the operating range of the 03. Left and right side output ports and an additional port on the bottom allow the O3ís macroline to be configured to the userís taste. In stock configuration, the macroline runs on the right side, and a micro gauge on the left, in an easy position to be read while on the field.
The regulator is adjusted by a knob on its front. Velocity adjustment is achieved by setting the supply gas pressure on the main regulator. Increasing the pressure increases velocity, while decreasing drops it down. The adjustment knob is easily turned by hand when it is not under pressure, or with a hex wrench in its front when the system is under pressure. Because the stock regulator can be adjusted without tools, it must be replaced if the 03 owner plans to compete in a tournament using the NPPL (rule 11.04) or PSP (rule 3.6) rule sets. The O3 is well equipped to receive aftermarket regulators. The regulator attaches to the grip frame by sliding onto an integrated ¾ inch dovetail rail, the type used on high-end adjustable output compressed air systems. Changing the regulator can be a bit of a chore though, as it requires removing the electronics from the grip frame to access a lock screw. Installing a tourney lock screw on the stock regulator would be a simple job for an experienced airsmith.
From the regulator, gas passes through the included macroline to a gas through grip which, as mentioned previously can be replaced with a vertical regulator as an alternative configuration. Through the vertical ASA, gas feeds directly to the 03ís valve chamber. The exhaust valve is laid out similar to that of a Spyder, Illustrator or Piranha. When struck from the rear, it vents gas into the upper half of the receiver where the bolt directs it to the breech.
On the front end of the valve chamber, where many blowback semis have a low pressure valve chamber, the 03 has a compact low pressure regulator. This regulator is adjustable, and serves the purpose of limiting the pressure that is fed to the 03ís solenoid valve.
Low pressure pneumatics hose runs from the low pressure regulator into the top of the grip frame, where the solenoid valve is housed. This electronically actuated valve cannot handle the pressure or volume of gas needed to propel a paintball directly. Instead it drives the pneumatic hammer when actuated by the 03ís electronic circuit board.
A single gas line runs from the solenoid valve to an end-cap on the rear of the 03. Both the rear end cap, and the low pressure regulator are fitted with quick release swivel fittings which makes removing the low pressure hose a simple task when disassembling the Ďgun for maintenance or repair.
On blowback powered stacked tube semi-autos, the hammer is in the lower receiver. It is normally held back by the sear. When the trigger moves the sear and releases the hammer, a mainspring drives the hammer against the valve, causing it to open. A small amount of gas is diverted toward the hammer, pushing it back and re-cocking the mainspring.
The 03 places a spring on the opposite side of the hammer. There is no sear in its design, and no mainspring to drive the hammer forward. Instead, the back of the hammer is a cylinder which fits inside the rear end cap, forming a pneumatic ram. When the solenoid valve feeds low pressure gas to the end cap, the gas fires the hammer forward, causing it to strike the exhaust valve. The hammerís spring then returns the hammer to its rear position, readying it for the next shot.
Odyssey calls this hammer system FASOR, an acronym for Forward Aired Spring Operated Return. Because the gas is only used to drive the hammer forward, only a single hose is needed between the solenoid valve and end cap. This makes the 03 less mechanically complex, and allows it to use a simpler solenoid valve than electropneumatic designs which use air pressure to both drive and reset the hammer.
In the upper tube of the receiver lies the bolt. The 03ís bolt has an open interior high flow design. Its rear extends out the receiverís back when at rest, showing its quick strip push button. Depressing this button allows a ball bearing in the boltís middle to retract so the bolt can be field stripped in one simple motion. The ball bearing, while extended links the bolt to the hammer, so that it chambers a ball and closes the breech when the 03 is fired.
On the left side of the receiver is a simple rubber nubbin style ball detent housed under a knurled aluminum cap. The detent extends into the breech area to prevent paintballs from double-feeding. Atop the receiver is a low-profile clamping feed neck.
Odyssey designed the 03 to work optimally with their HALO loader which does not require a gap in the ball stack to activate. This means that it can work effectively with a very short feedneck, creating a smaller profile for the player.
The feedneck attaches with a pair of hex head screws one in front, and one in the rear. This makes it simpler to change or remove for cleaning when compared to designs which rely on press fit and adhesives, or threading and adhesives.
The 03 receiver is threaded with Autococker style barrel threads. The stock barrel is fourteen inches in length, with porting along its last four and a half inches. Both the interior and exterior are highly polished and anodized. The stock barrel is also laser engraved to indicate that it features a .693 inch bore diameter.
The 03 features a blade style two finger trigger. There is no trigger return spring, instead the design relies on the resistance of the internal microswitch to return the trigger to its forward position. Two trigger adjustments allow the trigger to be fine tuned. One adjusts the trigger activation point, by screwing through the trigger against the microswitch lever, and the other limits the forward travel of the trigger by adjusting its contact point with the grip frame. The trigger pivots on a steel pin that is press fit into the trigger frame, and has a small amount of side to side play.
At the heart of the 03 is its electronics package. Inside the lower portion of the grip frame lies the main circuit board, a sub-board with a backlit LCD display and a six cell rechargeable battery. The LCD display is visible through a window in the 03ís wraparound panel grips. On the rear of the grip frame is a status LED, three membrane buttons, and the charging socket, which is protected from debris by a small rubber cap which features a short retaining leash so that it will not be dropped and lost.
Continued on NEXT PAGE
Copyright © 1992-2012
Corinthian Media Services. WARPIG's webmasters can be reached through our feedback form.